A hernia is a condition that occurs when internal tissue or an organ becomes displaced and protrudes through a hole or weak spot. This often involves the intestine coming through the abdominal wall. You can actually see the hernia poking out in some cases. In others you may only notice the bulge while straining or bearing down. A hernia can be caused by anything that increases pressure on the abdomen. This includes lifting heavy objects, obesity, diarrhea, constipation, or constant coughing or sneezing. Weak muscles can contribute to the occurrence of a hernia, and most occurrences are a combination of weak muscles and pressure. Muscle weakness can be inborn or develop later in life. Smoking, overexertion, and malnutrition can weaken muscles and contribute to the probability of a hernia. Many victims are asking the following questions:

This article addresses the important question: How to know if hernia mesh ripped?

There are many different types of hernia, but the most common are inguinal, femoral, incisional, ventral, umbilical, and hiatal. Inguinal occurs in the inner groin. Femoral occurs in the upper thigh/outer groin. Incisional takes place through an incision or scar in the abdomen. Ventral takes place in the general abdominal/ventral wall. Umbilical takes place at the belly button. Hiatal takes place inside the abdomen. Symptoms of a hernia include varying degrees of pain, irritation, numbness, and vomiting. Some cases are mild and never need treatment. Nevertheless, a hernia should always be monitored because the condition will not heal on its own. It might flare up at any time with serious symptoms  and mesh complications warranting surgery.Symptoms of a hernia may become noticeable while engaging in strenuous activity or exercise. These symptoms can develop over time. Some patients are asymptomatic or have a few minor symptoms. Primary symptoms can take up to 2 years to present and become annoying or painful. A hernia can cause long-term pain and discomfort to the point of necessitating surgery. Sometimes the pain becomes increasingly worse over time. Some people wait until this happens before treating their hernia with surgery. A surgeon may not recommend a surgical procedure if the patient isn’t experiencing symptoms or complications. It’s the patient’s choice to wait until surgery becomes a necessity, instead of proceeding with an elective procedure before that point in time. Surgery is the only treatment to repair a hernia. Hernia repair surgery is very common, with over 1 million performed each year in the United States. The majority are performed to repair inguinal hernias.

Hernia mesh rejection symptoms

Your surgical procedure will depend on the type of hernia you experienced. The simplest case is when the hernia can be pushed back easily. The more difficult cases involve tissues or an organ that cannot be pushed back. This matter can afix itself to the hernia and get stuck. The oldest type of procedure is known as a herniorrhaphy. This surgery can be performed when the abdominal wall’s tissue is healthy enough to withstand the additional stress. The surgery is performed through a long incision over the hernia. Surgical tools are used to move the tissue or organ to its original place. The hernia sac is removed and the area is closed with stitches. The other procedure is called a hernioplasty. This surgery is basically the same as the herniorrhaphy but it includes the use of surgical mesh to cover and support weakened tissue. The mesh is actually sewn into the healthy skin surrounding the weakened tissue. It’s used as a support system for new growth of healthy tissues. This type of surgery is also known as mesh repair or tension-free hernia repair. Surgical mesh is beneficial in many ways and can reduce the hernia’s rate of recurrence. Some surgeries can be done with laparascopy, which is a minimally invasive option.

Surgical Mesh is a sterile sheet of mesh which is used to support organs and other tissues during surgery. It’s mainly used to support damaged or weakened tissue. Surgical mesh is made with animal tissue or synthetic materials. Some mesh devices are considered permanent implants and will remain in the body indefinitely. They are a form of permanent support for the repaired hernia. Others will slowly deteriorate as new, healthy tissue grows. This new tissue will replace it and provide strength to the hernia repair. A risk of using surgical mesh is the occurrence of tearing or ripping of the material. This will cause complications and damage to internal organs. One of the reasons for tearing is erosion. This is when the material breaks down in the body over time. The sharp edged pieces can sometimes migrate to other parts of the body and cause injury to tissue and organs. They can adhere to areas in the groin of male patients and cause sexual dysfunction or pain in the testicles. The damage can even cause the loss of a testicle.  How to know if hernia mesh ripped?

 Surgical Mesh shrinkage

Some kinds of surgical mesh are delicate and tear easily. The bits and pieces can then float around the body and cause painful injuries like bowel obstructions and tears to internal organs. Mesh shrinkage is another adverse effect of hernia mesh. When the mesh shrinks, it can cause tears and pulling of the attached tissue, which is very painful. A certain type of polyester mesh has been known to tear at the location of the hernia repair. The exact location of the tearing is the point of connection between the tissues and the stitches/surgical tacks. The sharp pieces migrate to other areas of the body and can cause damage to tissues or organs. Hernia meshes are composed of different materials and constructed in a variety of ways. Some are more likely to erode, migrate, or rip than others. The most common adverse events after hernia repair with mesh are pain, adhesion, hernia recurrence, infection, and bowel obstruction. How to know if hernia mesh ripped? Symptoms of erosion or ripping of hernia mesh may include the following:

 

How to know if hernia mesh ripped?

Poor healing of incision
Area of incision is very warm
Meshoma (wrinkled mesh causing tumor-like masses)
Constipation
Diarrhea
Very bad headaches
Trouble with bowel movements or gas
Nausea or vomiting
Flu-like symptoms
Abdominal pain or cramps

If you notice any of these symptoms after hernia repair surgery, you should contact your doctor immediately to prevent further damage or complications.

List of References

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319753.php
https://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/ImplantsandProsthetics/HerniaSurgicalMesh/default.htm
https://www.periscopegroup.com/physiomesh/torn-hernia-mesh